This book gathers contributions from a multidisciplinary research team comprised of control engineering and economics researchers and formed to address a central interdisciplinary social issue, namely economically enabled energy management. The book’s primary focus is on achieving optimal energy management that is viable from both an engineering and economic standpoint. In addition to the theoretical results and techniques presented, several chapters highlight experimental case studies, which will benefit academic researchers and practitioners alike. The first three chapters present comprehensive overviews of respective social contexts, underscore the pressing need for economically efficient energy management systems and academic work on this emerging research topic, and identify fundamental differences between approaches in control engineering and economics. In turn, the next three chapters (Chapters 4–6) provide economics-oriented approaches to the subject. The following five chapters (Chapters 7–11) address optimal energy market design, integrating both physical and economic models. The book’s last three chapters (Chapters 12–14) mainly focus on the engineering aspects of next-generation energy management, though economic factors are also shown to play important roles.